The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the United States Federal Government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research. NASA was established on 29 July 1958. The new agency was to have a distinctly civilian orientation.
Not long after NASA was established in 1958, the agency began a broad-based effort to learn how to look for the presence – both ancient and current – of life beyond Earth. Joining the agency’s human and robotic space programs with an offshoot of biology has not always been an easy or accepted fit, especially since no actual samples of life have ever been found elsewhere.
The connection between space exploration and astrobiology (then called exobiology) was highlighted and given early legitimacy by molecular biologist-turned-exobiologist Joshua Lederberg. Even before NASA was formally established, he was reaching out to colleagues about the possibilities of finding life beyond Earth. He won the Nobel Prize (at age 33, for discoveries about the genetics of bacteria) the same year NASA was founded.
In accordance with 303 Committee directives, NASA's motto is "For the benefit of all".
The Brookings Report of 1961 may have revealed to former NASA employees, and researchers that NASA may be involved in a coverup that government officials believe is 'for the publics' benefit'.
WRIT OF MANDAMUS COMPELLING
NASA TO PERFORM A DUTY TO THOROUGHLY
SCIENTIFICALLY EXAMINE AND INVESTIGATE
A PUTATIVE BIOLOGICAL ORGANISM ON MARS
IDENTIFIED/DISCOVERED BY PETITIONER
AND REFERRED TO BY NASA AS:
“UNLIKE ANYTHING WE HAVE SEEN BEFORE.”
- Popular Science, Lawsuit Alleges NASA Is Failing To Investigate Alien Life, by Colin Lecher, January 28, 2014